Introduction of The Galle Dutch Fort:
Some says that the term ‘Galle’ is derived from the Dutch word ‘Gallus’ which means chicken. But some believe that there was a very large ‘Gaala’ of cattle here. ‘Gaala’ in Sinhala means the place where cattle are herded together. So, they believe Galle is a development from ‘Gaala’.
Founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese, Galle reached the top of its development in the 18th century, before the arrival of the British. It can be called as the best example for a fortified city built by Europeans in South and South-East Asia. This depicts the interaction between European architectural styles and South Asian traditions.
Galle Fort (Sinhala: ගාලු කොටුව Galu Kotuwa) is situated in the Bay of Galle on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka.
This was built first in 1588 by the Portuguese. Then this Fort was expanded by the Dutch during the 17th century from 1649 onwards. It is a historical, archaeological and architectural heritage monument, which even after more than 432 years maintains a polished appearance, due to extensive reconstruction work done by Archaeological Department of Sri Lanka.
The heritage value of the fort has been recognized by the UNESCO and the site has been inscribed as a cultural heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site under criteria iv, for its unique exposition of “an urban ensemble which illustrates the interaction of European architecture and South Asian traditions from the 16th to the 19th centuries.